Sławomir Białek, Katarzyna Białek-Gosk

Alergie - choroby cywilizacyjne XXI wieku. Opieka farmaceutyczna.

Allergy - civilization disease of 21st century. Pharmaceutical care. Allergy is one of four forms of hypersensitivity and is called type I (or immediate) hypersensitivity. It is characterized by excessive activation of certain white blood cells called mast cells and basophils by a type of antibody known as IgE, resulting in an extreme inflammatory response. Common allergic reactions include eczema, hives, hay fever, asthma, food allergies. Allergies can play a major role in conditions such as asthma. Treatments for allergies include allergen avoidance, use of anti-histamines, steroids or other oral medications, immunotherapy to desensitize the response to allergen, and targeted therapy. Pharmacists play a significant role in educating, advising and counseling patients about their medication, including over-the-counter products available, the correct way to administer the medication, adverse effects, how long it takes to see an effect, and issues involving compliance.